This article discusses the topic “Coastal and Great lakes freight and passenger transportation and its Sop manual”. The great lakes is an important pathway for cargo transportation in the United States. This region connects the Midwest and eastern seaboard and also includes industrial cities like Detroit, buffalo, Cleveland, Chicago and Toronto. The industry primarily comprises of industries which use great lakes to transport their products like limestone, grain, coal, salt, gypsum, sand, potash slag, taconite, cement etc. This U.S. industry comprises establishments which are primarily engaged in water transportation of passengers in coastal waters, the Great Lakes System, deep seas or between ports of the United States, Puerto Rico, and United States island possessions and protectorates. Similarly the Marine transportation establishment uses the facilities of the St. Lawrence Seaway Authority Commission.
The types of Cargo/freight carry ships are,
- General cargo vessels that brings the packed items such as furniture, foods, chemicals, military vehicles, machinery, motor, garments and footwear etc.
- Tankers that carry the other liquid freight and petroleum products.
- Dry bulk carriers that carry grain, coal, ores and other similar products.
- Multi- purpose vessels that carry the different classes of freight such as liquid and general freight at the same time.
- Reefer ships that carry the meat, vegetables, fruits, fish, foodstuffs and daily products.
- Roll –on/ roll- off vessels that carry the wheeled freight like trailers, cars, semi-trailer trucks etc., It uses its own wheels to access the ship on and off.
- Container Ship that carry all their load in truck-size. Twenty –foot equivalent unit (TEU) is used to measure the container ship.
The Main reason for transporting cargo in great lakes are:
- Carrying the freight in great lakes significantly decreases the emission levels to great extent. The following are the emission reduction rates.
- NOx emission reduction by 86 percent
- SOx emission reduction by 99.9 percent
- GHG emission reduction by 32 percent
- Particulate matter emission reduction by 85 percent
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has grouped services and activities associated with coastal and great lakes freight and passenger transportation under the NAICS industry codes 483113 and 483114.
The following list shows some activities that are associated with industry codes 483113 and 483114 are,
- Barge transportation, coastal or Great Lakes (including St. Lawrence Seaway).
- Coastal freight transportation to and from domestic ports.
- Coastal shipping of freight to and from domestic ports.
- Deep sea freight transportation to and from domestic ports (including Puerto Rico).
- Freight shipping on the Great Lakes System (including St. Lawrence Seaway).
- Freight transportation, deep sea, to and from domestic ports.
- Great Lakes freight transportation (including St. Lawrence Seaway).
- Inter coastal freight transportation to and from domestic ports.
- Lake freight transportation, Great Lakes (including St. Lawrence Seaway).
- Ship chartering with crew, coastal or Great Lakes freight transportation (including St. Lawrence Seaway).
- Shipping freight to and from domestic ports (i.e., coastal, deep sea (including Puerto Rico), Great Lakes system (including St. Lawrence Seaway)).
The International association related to this industry are,
- The American great lakes port association
- The Lake carriers association
Few of the World’s best companies in this industry are,
- Matson Navigation Company Inc | Oakland | United States | matson.com|
- Tidewater Inc | Houston | United States | www.tdw.com |
- Seabulk International Inc | Fort Lauderdale | United States | seabulktankers.com|
- International Seaways Inc | New York | United States | intlseas.com|
- McAllister Towing New York LLC | Staten Island | United States | mcallistertowing.com|
- Alaska Tanker Company LLC | Beaverton | United States | aktanker.com|
- Tote Maritime Alaska LLC | Federal Way | United States | totemaritime.com|
- Inttra Inc | Parsippany | United States | inttra.com|
- Northland Transportation Co | Seattle | United States | lynden.com|
- OSG America LP | Tampa | United States | osg.com|
SOP Manual for Coastal and Great Lakes Freight and Passenger Transportation
Research By : Pavithraprabha
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