SOP Manual for Deep Sea Freight Transportation


This article provides a brief description on “Deep Sea freight transportation, SOP Manual”. Various industries transport their manufactured products to different countries, state or even continents. The means of transportation used may be roadways, railways, airways or through sea. Depending on the nature or the magnitude of goods to be transported the modes of transport vary. Deep sea freight transport is mainly used in intercontinental or international transportation of very large shipments of cargo which cannot be transported through any other means as the load may be too heavy to be transported via road and airplanes or the destinations may be not accessible via rail routes. Deep Sea freight transport plays a crucial role in international trade.

Goods transported through deep sea freight transportation:

  • Coal
  • Coke
  • Ores
  • Grains
  • Liquefied petroleum gas(LPG)
  • Crude oil
  • Fuel
  • Food
  • Automobiles

Vessels used for deep sea freight transportation:

  • Container ship that carry entire load in truck size. Twenty –foot equivalent unit (TEU) is used to measure the container ship.
  • Bulk carrier ships that carry the items like ore or food staples (grain, rice, etc.) and other similar product.
  • Multi –purpose ship (usually called a general freight ship) that carry the different freight on the same voyage.
  • Ocean liner that carry cargo or mail and also having large capacity of fuel, food, and other consumable product on long journey.
  • Refrigerated ships (sometimes called a reefers) which require temperature controller to transport perishable commodities like meat, vegetables, fruits, fish, foodstuffs and daily products.
  • Roll –on/ roll- off vessels that carry the wheeled freight like trailers, cars, semi-trailer trucks etc., It uses its own wheels to access the ship on and off.
  • Tanker are freight ships  for the transport of fluids, like liquefied petroleum gas(LPG), liquefied  natural gas(LNG), crude oil, petroleum, chemicals, vegetable oils and wine.


The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has grouped services and activities associated with Deep sea freight transportation under the NAICS industry code 483112. The following list shows some activities that are associated with industry 483112,

  • Deep sea freight transportation to or from foreign ports.
  • Freight transportation, deep sea, to or from foreign ports.
  • Ship chartering with crew, deep sea freight transportation to or from foreign ports.
  • Shipping freight to or from foreign ports, deep sea.
  • Transporting freight to or from foreign ports, deep sea.

Few of the World’s best companies in this industry are,

  • Crowley Holdings Inc | Jacksonville | United State | crowley.com|
  • Genco Shipping & Trading Ltd | New York | United State | gencoshipping.com|
  • Overseas Shipholding Group Inc | Tampa | United State | osg.com|
  • American President Lines LLC | Washington | United State | apl.com|
  • Eagle Bulk Shipping Inc | Stamford | United State | eagleships.com|
  • International Shipholding Corp | Mobile | United State | seacorholdings.com|
  • Damco USA Inc | Florham Park | United State | damco-publications.com|
  • Birdsall Inc | Riviera Beach | United State | saltchuk.com|
  • Tropical Shipping Usa LLC | Riviera Beach | United State | tropical.com|
  • K Line America Inc | Glen Allen | United State | kline.com|

International association of deep sea freight transportation:

  • International Ship Engineering Service Association (ISESA)
  • American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)
  • Federation of Freight Forwarder’s Association (FFFA)
  • The Norwegian Ship owner’s Association (NSA)

Journal and article related to this industry:

SOP Manual for Deep Sea Freight Transportation

Research By : Pavithraprabha 

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