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SOP Manual for Softwood Veneer and Plywood Manufacturing 

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This article offers a comprehensive examine of “Softwood Veneer and Plywood Manufacturing, SOP Manual”. This industry primarily engaged in Production of softwood veneer and plywood. Plywood are the wood panel, which made from thin sheets of variety woods. Softwood veneer and plywood are act as a substitute to the wood boards, which are majorly used in production of doors, stairs, external cladding, flooring, framing, interior rails and balustrades, internal panelling and timber joinery products. Increasing use of plywood in construction and flooring applications drives the industry into significance growth. Ready-made and easy-to-install are the key factors that influence the success of this product. North American industries dominates the global plywood market, in terms of production and sales. In India, infrastructure sector is constantly growing in recent years, this trend is expected to make India an important consumer of softwood veneer and plywood products. Due to steady and constant pace of growth, the global softwood veneer and plywood market is expected to reach an annual revenue of $75.2 Billion by 2023.

Types of Veneer and Plywood:

  • Softwood plywood
  • Hardwood plywood
  • Tropical plywood
  • Aircraft plywood
  • Decorative plywood (overlaid plywood)
  • Flexible plywood
  • Marine plywood
  • Other plywood
  • Decorative Veneer
  • Utility Veneer
  • Raw Veneer
  • Paper backed Veneer
  • Phenolic backed Veneer
  • Laid up Veneer
  • Reconstituted veneer

Industry’s Subsector:

  • Panels, softwood plywood, manufacturing
  • Plywood, faced with nonwood materials, softwood, manufacturing
  • Plywood, softwood faced, manufacturing
  • Plywood, softwood, manufacturing
  • Prefinished softwood plywood manufacturing
  • Softwood plywood composites manufacturing
  • Softwood veneer or plywood manufacturing
  • Veneer mills, softwood

 

Production Process:
Birch, beech and pine tree woods are the most commonly used in manufacturing veneer and plywood. Veneer is the first step involved in production of plywood. The specific trees are been trimmed by using some saw machines and the trimmed tree trunks are allowed in a debarking machine through conveyor belts. In this process, the machine removes the bark, either with jets of high-pressure water or with sharp-toothed grinding wheels. Now, the debarked logs are undergone in a mill, where a huge circular saw cuts the logs into required size. The shaped logs must be heated and soaked to soften the wood, so they are allowed in a steamer or immersed in hot water for about 12-40 hours. After heating treatment, the blocks are transported to the peeler lathe, where the logs are been peeled under a machine. The peeled logs are undergone in a drying machine to remove its moisture and then, in this sage the veneer is formed. According to the requirement these veneers are combinedly glued together with the help of some adhesive materials and they are allowed in a hot press compressor machine to form as plywood. Finally, the plywood’s are allocated according to its grade and then, the inspection process is been done to check its quality.

Steps involved in production process:

Veneer:

  • Sizing of Veneer Logs
  • Storage of Veneer Logs
  • Debarking
  • Pre-treatment
  • Veneer Cutting
  • Veneer Handling and Green Clipping
  • Veneer Drying

Plywood:

  • Preparation of Veneer
  • Joining and Splicing of Dry Veneer
  • Mixing and Spreading of Adhesive
  • Pressing
  • Forming Plywood Sheets
  • Conditioning and Finishing

Machines used in this industry:

  • Panel Saw Machine
  • Plywood Cutting Machine
  • Veneer Peeling Machine
  • Glue Spreader Machine
  • Plywood Hot Press Machine
  • Seasoning Chamber
  • Wood Moulding Machine
  • Core Dry Press
  • Plywood Dipping Machine
  • Veneer Clipper
  • Veneer Lathe
  • Veneer Press Machine
  • Veneer Splicer Machine

International Standard Regarding this Industry:

Here is the list of world leaders in this Industry:

  • Metsä Wood| Espoo, Finland| http://www.metsawood.com/
  • Boise Cascade| Idaho, United States| http://www.bc.com/
  • PotlatchDeltic | Washington, United States|http://www.potlatchdeltic.com/
  • Eksons Corp| Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|https://www.eksons.com.my/
  • Latvijas Finieris| Riga, Latvia|https://www.finieris.com/
  • Weyerhaeuser|Washington, United States| https://www.weyerhaeuser.com/
  • Austral Plywoods|Tennyson, Australia | http://www.australply.com.au/
  • Sveza company| Moscow, Russia |https://www.sveza.com/
  • UPM| Helsinki, Finland|http://www.upm.com/
  • Georgia-Pacific|Georgia, United States| https://www.gp.com/

Journals and Magazine Related to this Industries:

SOP Manual for Softwood Veneer and Plywood Manufacturing 

Research By : Udhay Sankar

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