SOP Manual for Tire Manufacturing (except Retreading)


This article offers a comprehensive examine of “Tire Manufacturing (except Retreading), SOP Manual”. This industry primarily engaged in Production of tires and inner tubes from natural and synthetic rubber. These tires are involves in numerous functions, such as protecting the wheel rim, supporting the weight of a vehicle, transmitting acceleration and braking force to the ground, and majorly it act as a flexible cushion, in order to reduce the impact of the vibrations. Globally, two-thirds of product demand is driven by automobile sectors. In recent years, the growth of the industry is influenced by advance technology products, such as ecological, flat-run and nitrogen-based tires, which are almost environment-friendly. Passenger vehicles is a key segment that drives the huge demand for tires across the globe. Asia-pacific is the largest region, were more than half of all tires are sold in this market. Due to huge automobile production and largest population, China and India will remain as the fastest growing national markets for tires. Owing to huge demand generated by the automobile industries, the global tire industry market is expected to reach an annual revenue of $154.40 billion by 2027.

Types of Tires:

  • All-Season Tires
  • All-Terrain Tires
  • Low Profile Tires
  • Mud Tires
  • Performance Tires
  • Run-Flat Tires
  • Snow/Winter Tires
  • SUV Tires
  • Truck Tires

Industry’s Subsector:

  • Aircraft tire manufacturing
  • Camelback (i.e., retreading material) manufacturing
  • Inner tubes manufacturing
  • Motor vehicle tires manufacturing
  • Retreading materials, tire, manufacturing
  • Tire repair materials manufacturing
  • Tires (e.g., pneumatic, semi-pneumatic, solid rubber) manufacturing
  • Tread rubber (i.e., camelback) manufacturing


Production Process:
Natural and synthetic rubber, carbon black, polyester, rayon, steel, silica and vulcanization accelerator are the major raw materials used in the production of tire. The amount and composition of these raw materials are varies according to the level of tire’s flexibility, resistance and grip needed. The raw materials are mixed with each other in a gigantic machine, were the computer control systems are used and automatically controlled out specific batches of rubber and chemicals for mixing. Then, the mixed raw materials are allowed for heating and cooling process and again it sent for mixer, where the additional chemicals are added to form as black gummy substance. Now, those gummy substance are allowed in a powerful rolling mills, where it squeeze the substance into thick sheets. These sheets are undergone in a different machine to manufacture the various components of tire, such as tread, steel belts, ply, beads. Now, some ingredients along with these components (tread, steel belts, ply, beads) are allowed on a tire building machine and it forms a semi-finished product which is known as “Green Tire” and they are sprayed with a special fluid to prepare it for vulcanization.  In vulcanization process, the tires are allowed in a curing machine, where it compresses all the parts together to form as a final shape of the product. Curing machine also involves in making manufacturer’s markings and tread pattern in the tire. Finally, the tires are allowed for inspection to check its quality.

Steps involved in production process:

  • Raw Materials Preparation
  • Designing
  • Manufacturing of components (Body, beads, and tread)
  • Building the Tire
  • Vulcanization
  • Quality control and Packaging

Machines used in this industry:

  • Rubber Mixer Machines
  • Cutter
  • Moulding Machine
  • Tire Curing Press
  • Inspection Machine
  • Tire Building Machines
  • Calendaring Machines
  • Extruders and Strip Winders
  • Bias Cutters
  • Injection moulding machine
  • Transfer conveyors
  • Tire Bead Winding Systems
  • Tire Apexing Systems
  • Tire Component Handling

International Standard Regarding this Industry:

Here is the list of world leaders in this Industry:

  • Bridgestone| Tokyo, Japan| https://www.bridgestone.com/
  • Michelin| Clermont-Ferrand, France| https://www.michelinman.com/
  • Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company| Ohio, United States|http://www.goodyear.com/
  • Continental AG| Hanover, Germany|https://www.continental.com/en
  • Sumitomo Corporation| Tokyo, Japan|https://www.sumitomocorp.com/en/jp
  • Hankook Tire|Seongnam-si, South Korea| https://www.hankooktire.com/jp/
  • Pirelli|Milan, Italy| https://www.pirelli.com/global/en-ww/homepage
  • Yokohama Rubber Company| Tokyo, Japan|https://www.yokohamatire.com/
  • MRF| Chennai, India|http://www.mrftyres.com/
  • Maxxis|Yuanlin, Taiwan| https://www.maxxis.com/
  • CEAT| Mumbai, India|http://www.ceat.com/

Journals and Magazine Related to this Industries:

  • Tire Review Magazine- https://www.tirereview.com/magazine/
  • Tire Technology International Magazine-https://www.tiretechnologyinternational.com/
  • Rubber World Magazine Print and Digital- https://www.rubberworld.com/magazine.asp
  • Pneurama| The professional tyre magazine-https://www.pneurama.com/en/
  • Different types of tyres used under different operating
  • conditions| International Journal of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering- https://www.ijamejournals.com/pdf/rpm161107.pdf

SOP Manual for Tire Manufacturing (except Retreading)

Research By : Udhay Sankar 

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Tags: SOP, Tire

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